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Introduzione

Is your PlayStation SCPH-550x having trouble reading games? This guide will show you how to extend the life of the existing laser you already have so you can either get another system, or replace the failed laser unit. On many of these older Playstations, this is a known failure point.

In the case of the system used for the guide, it was only recovered to 50-60% read after adjustment. The laser needs to be replaced and cannot be reliability re-adjusted.

Guide notes

  • This is often a temporary or partial fix! While you may permanently repair the system, it is very unlikely to hold up over the long term.
  • THIS WILL NOT RECOVER KSM-440AAM and ACM laser assemblies. These fail due to a plastic optical block known for physically degrading. You must replace the laser unit on these - no way around it.
  • This guide is intended to be used on the KSM-440ADM laser, or newer. These use a magnesium optical block, and do not wear down like the plastic block.
  • If you have a issue with this laser beyond the ability to adjust it, the KSM-440BAM laser may work, depending on which system you own. As this assembly is designed for the PSOne, it must be gapped to fit these units with spacers. Note: If you do this, the laser trimpot on the board MUST be adjusted.

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  1. PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Is your system recoverable?: passo 1, immagine 1 di 1
    • Before starting, make sure you have a die cast laser. Plastic lasers are not repairable.

    • If your laser is plastic: You must replace the laser due to uneven wear.

    • If you have a Die cast laser, this fix may improve the read rate. However, this is an age based failure. Note: In some cases, the laser resistance will need to be adjusted.

  2. PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Opening the system: passo 2, immagine 1 di 3 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Opening the system: passo 2, immagine 2 di 3 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Opening the system: passo 2, immagine 3 di 3
    • Remove the 6 screws from the bottom of the PlayStation. Use a Phillips #2 screwdriver.

    • Lift the top cover off.

  3. PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Disconnect the laser: passo 3, immagine 1 di 3 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Disconnect the laser: passo 3, immagine 2 di 3 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Disconnect the laser: passo 3, immagine 3 di 3
    • Disconnect the laser from the system.

  4. PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Repair sanity check: passo 4, immagine 1 di 3 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Repair sanity check: passo 4, immagine 2 di 3 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Repair sanity check: passo 4, immagine 3 di 3
    • With the laser removed from the system, remove the 2 Phillips PH1 screws. Check if the laser is plastic.

    • If the laser is plastic, it cannot be repaired and must be replaced. The example shown can be adjusted.

  5. PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Adjust the motor trimpot: passo 5, immagine 1 di 3 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Adjust the motor trimpot: passo 5, immagine 2 di 3 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Adjust the motor trimpot: passo 5, immagine 3 di 3
    • Only adjust it enough to reliably read games and music CDs again. If the speed is too slow, the laser can physically "burn" your games or kill the laser.

    • Consider anything less then a 80-90% read rate a failure. These are hard to reliably recover.

    • Before starting, mark the original adjustment point and write down the factory setting as tested. It will be difficult to take it back to stock without this information.

    • Adjust the trimpot incrementally using a Phillips PH1 or other compatible bit. Do this until the laser is reading games more consistently.

  6. PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Test the repaired system: passo 6, immagine 1 di 2 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Test the repaired system: passo 6, immagine 2 di 2
    • If possible, test on a known good system first.

    • Improving the read percentage: If you are not happy with the results, keep adjusting the motor. Repeat until you are happy with the passing read rate, or the motor doesn't spin.

    • If you see the Insert PlayStation CD-ROM screen, the motor is running slow. Adjust the speed to be faster.

    • Partially reassemble the system and test it. If it is sufficient, reassemble the system.

    • To test the read percentage, get a few known good games and see which ones load. A minimum of 5 test games is recommended. Only adjust the laser again after each full test is done.

    • If the game loads, test play the system for a few minutes to check the stability. Important: Some early revisions have FMV issues - THIS IS EXPECTED.

  7. PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Test data - control system (SCPH-101): passo 7, immagine 1 di 2 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Test data - control system (SCPH-101): passo 7, immagine 2 di 2
    • Control system results

  8. PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Test data - repaired system (SCPH-5501): passo 8, immagine 1 di 2 PlayStation SCPH-5501 Motor Speed Adjustment (KSM-440ADM/AEM+), Test data - repaired system (SCPH-5501): passo 8, immagine 2 di 2
    • Repaired SCPH-5501 results

Conclusione

To reassemble your device, follow these instructions in reverse order.

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Nick

Membro da: 10/11/2009

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3 Commenti

Do you have the specifics as to the spacers and trimpot adjustment when using a new KSM-440BAM (with extension cable if needed) on either SCPH-1001 or SCPH-5501?

Leif Behrmann - Replica

No - I do not.

Nick -

Hello, I recently attempted to replace my weak laser in my 5501 with a 440BAM and it did not work, I even tried putting back the old laser but it wouldn't work again at all no motor spin or anything. Any ideas as to what I'm doing wrong or how to fix? Thanks!

James Whitson - Replica

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